How Solar Panels Work

How solar panels work

Aug 25, 2023| by EverBright
Solar panels on house in green field

Before making the decision whether to go solar, you may be wondering, “How do solar panels actually work?” Imagine a boundless source of energy, available to us every day, free of charge. That’s right, it all starts with the sun! At EverBright, we believe in the immense power of the sun to create a brighter, cleaner future for all. So, let’s dive in and explain how solar panels can capture that energy and convert it into electricity.

What are solar panels and how do they work?

Solar panels, known as photovoltaic panels or PV panels, are made up of multiple solar cells that convert sunlight into direct current (DC) energy. The solar cells are usually made up of a semiconductor material like silicon. When sunlight hits the solar panel, the photons (light particles) knock electrons free from the atoms in the solar cell. These loose electrons are free to move, creating an electrical current.

To convert the DC electricity into alternating current (AC) electricity, the current then flows through the grid lines on your panels to your inverter. The inverter converts the DC energy to AC energy, the type of electricity your home uses to then power all your appliances.

What happens when it’s cloudy outside, or during those gloomy days during the winter? Good news, even partial light on cloudy days can still be harnessed to generate various amounts of electricity.


Congratulations! You now have an understanding of how solar panels work. If you’re ready to embrace a cleaner, brighter future, join us at EverBright and let’s bring sunshine into your life, one solar panel at a time!

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